Initially, a home buyer combines a down payment and mortgage to purchase their house. Home equity builds as the mortgage is paid off and the market value appreciates.
For many, low interest rates are an enticing trap to take on additional debt. Over time some homeowners borrow against their house to pay for other things, including increased lifestyle spending. In this sense, home ownership can provide a false sense of security.
According to a report by William Dunning, the chief economist of Mortgage Pros Canada (the national mortgage association) at the end of 2016 an estimated 500,000 Canadians had a Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC), and another 1.48 million had a HELOC and a mortgage.
There is a risk to using your home as money-in-the-bank, especially if your mortgage consumes a large part of your paycheck each month. For example, changing business conditions could lead to job loss or a decrease in pay. Often two people are contributing to mortgage payments which doubles the risk of lost earning power.
Low interest rates are a golden opportunity to pay down mortgage debt.
If interest rates increase, many mortgage holders will have to stretch their cash flow just to make regular payments. In some cases, higher interest rates will result in homeowners having to sell because their home-sweet-home is no longer affordable.
Here are a few simple ways that may help you reduce your mortgage:
One: Direct all work-related bonuses to reducing your mortgage. Have the discipline to live within the means of your regular paycheck so bonuses can be directed to reducing debt.
Two: Most Canadians get a tax refund and these funds can be used to reduce the mortgage balance.
Three: Any windfalls including gifts or inheritance can be used to pay off debt.
Four: If you have excess funds in your bank account, some of these funds could be used to reduce your mortgage. The interest rate you currently earn on bank account money is low or zero. Plus, any bank interest earned is taxable. It is a good idea to use those excess funds to reduce your mortgage.
Five: Consider using excess cash flow to increase regular mortgage payments. Check the details of your mortgage to see what options are available.
Six: Set an objective on how much you would like to pay down on your mortgage during the year and then have other spending tied to the success of achieving that objective. For example, if you are planning a vacation next year consider paying down your mortgage by a certain amount before spending money on your holiday.
Interest rates are low but are unlikely to stay that way forever.
If the fear factor works to help motivate you to reduce debt, calculate what your mortgage payments would be if interest rates increased by two or three percentage points.
Much has been said about the advantages of paying down debt. For many, using this period of low interest rates to reduce or pay off mortgage debt may be advisable.
These are just a few ways you could pay down your mortgage. Can you think of other ideas you could use?
Managing the reduction and elimination of your mortgage is an important financial planning consideration. Be proactive to determine what is best for you.